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The distributions of class I alleles A*3002 (P/Pc = 2.6E-6/5E-5, OR 6.7) and B*1801 (P/Pc = 0.008/0.22, OR 2.9) were more frequently found in hepatocellular injury cases compared to controls. In addition, the presence of the class II allele combination DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 (P/Pc = 5.1E-4/0.014, OR 3.0) was significantly increased in cholestatic/mixed cases. The A*3002 and/or B*1801 carriers were found to be younger (54 vs 65 years, P = 0.019) and were more frequently hospitalized than the DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 carriers. No additional alleles outside those associated with liver injury patterns were found to affect potential severity as measured by Hy's Law criteria. The phenotype frequencies of B*1801 (P/Pc = 0.015/0.42, OR 5.2) and DRB1*0301-DQB1*0201 (P/Pc = 0.0026/0.07, OR 15) were increased in AC DILI cases with delayed onset compared to those corresponding to patients without delayed onset, while the opposite applied to DRB1*1302-DQB1*0604 (P/Pc = 0.005/0.13, OR 0.07). zinnat vs augmentin.
Oral fleroxacin, 400 mg once a day, and oral amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium (AMX/CP), 400 mg/125 mg three times a day, administered for 4-21 days, were compared for efficacy and safety in the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections. A total of 113 patients were enrolled in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial; 57 were assigned to fleroxacin and 56 to AMX/CP. A total of 22 and 33 patients in the fleroxacin and AMX/CP groups, respectively, were evaluable for efficacy. The most common diagnoses were skin abscess (14; 62%) and wound infections (5; 23%) in the fleroxacin group and skin abscess (17; 52%) and skin ulcer (9; 27%) in the AMX/CP group. A total of 20 (91%) of the fleroxacin-treated patients and 29 (88%) of the AMX/CP-treated patients were bacteriologically cured (two fleroxacin- and one AMX/CP-treated patients developed super-infection). The eradication rate for Staphylococcus aureus was 100% (11 of 11) in the fleroxacin group and 89% (17 of 19) in the AMX/CP group; 18 (82%) of the fleroxacin group and 25 (76%) of the AMX/CP group were clinically cured. Adverse events were seen in 22% (12 of 54) of the fleroxacin group and 25% (13 of 53) of the AMX/CP group. None were serious. Bacteriologic and clinical cure rates and safety results for the two groups were similar. The small sample size precluded statistical analysis at the 95% confidence level. augmentin 500mg amoxicillin.